India Population (2024) - Worldometer (2024)

  • The current population of India is 1,440,946,267 as of Monday, June 10, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • India 2023 population is estimated at 1,428,627,663 people at mid year.
  • India population is equivalent to 17.76% of the total world population.
  • India ranks number 1 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in India is 481 per Km2 (1,244 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles)
  • 36.3 % of the population is urban (518,239,122 people in 2023)
  • The median age in India is 28.2 years.

1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of India (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationIndia
Global Rank
2024 1,441,719,852 0.92 % 13,092,189 -486,784 28.6 1.98 485 36.8 % 530,387,142 17.76 % 8,118,835,999 1
2023 1,428,627,663 0.81 % 11,454,490 -486,136 28.2 2.00 481 36.3 % 518,239,122 17.76 % 8,045,311,447 1
2022 1,417,173,173 0.68 % 9,609,331 -487,303 27.9 2.01 477 35.7 % 506,304,869 17.77 % 7,975,105,156 2
2020 1,396,387,127 0.96 % 13,275,077 -34,772 27.3 2.05 470 34.6 % 483,098,640 17.81 % 7,840,952,880 2
2015 1,322,866,505 1.29 % 16,450,577 -475,094 25.5 2.29 445 32.4 % 429,069,459 17.81 % 7,426,597,537 2
2010 1,240,613,620 1.45 % 17,194,981 -380,087 24.0 2.60 417 30.7 % 380,744,554 17.76 % 6,985,603,105 2
2005 1,154,638,713 1.73 % 19,001,008 -550,186 22.6 2.96 388 29.0 % 334,479,406 17.61 % 6,558,176,119 2
2000 1,059,633,675 1.90 % 19,070,909-149,966 21.6 3.35 356 27.5 % 291,350,282 17.23 % 6,148,898,975 2
1995 964,279,129 2.07 % 18,765,393 -57,139 20.7 3.65 324 26.5 % 255,558,824 16.79 % 5,743,219,454 2
1990 870,452,165 2.21 % 18,042,016 108,465 20.0 4.05 293 25.5 % 222,296,728 16.37 % 5,316,175,862 2
1985 780,242,084 2.29 % 16,682,740 -112,781 19.5 4.43 262 24.4 % 190,321,782 16.05 % 4,861,730,613 2
1980 696,828,385 2.25 % 14,660,833 202,323 19.0 4.78 234 23.1 % 160,941,941 15.68 % 4,444,007,706 2
1975 623,524,219 2.26 % 13,204,584 -225,989 18.6 5.20 210 21.3 % 132,533,810 15.32 % 4,069,437,231 2
1970 557,501,301 2.20 % 11,477,391 -45,792 18.3 5.62 188 19.6 % 109,388,950 15.09 % 3,695,390,336 2
1965 500,114,346 2.32 % 10,831,953 19,077 18.5 5.94 168 18.7 % 93,493,844 14.99 % 3,337,111,983 2
1960 445,954,579 2.27 % 9,475,317 52,264 19.2 5.92 150 18.1 % 80,565,723 14.77 % 3,019,233,434 2
1955 398,577,992 2.23 % 8,311,378 -115,107 19.7 5.91 134 18.1 % 71,958,495 14.51 % 2,746,072,141 2

Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)

Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

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India Population Forecast

-495,884

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationIndia
Global Rank
2025 1,454,606,724 0.82 % 11,643,919 -486,077 29.0 1.97 489 37.3 % 542,742,539 17.76 % 8,191,988,453 1
2030 1,514,994,080 0.82 % 12,077,471 -486,942 30.9 1.91 510 40.1 % 607,341,981 17.73 % 8,546,141,327 1
2035 1,567,802,259 0.69 % 10,561,636 -496,692 32.8 1.86 527 43.1 % 675,456,367 17.66 % 8,879,397,401 1
2040 1,611,676,333 0.55 % 8,774,815 -496,507 34.6 1.83 542 46.2 % 744,380,367 17.54 % 9,188,250,492 1
2045 1,645,863,187 0.42 % 6,837,371 -495,892 36.4 1.81 554 49.3 % 811,749,463 17.38 % 9,467,543,575 1
2050 1,670,490,596 0.30 % 4,925,482 38.1 1.78 562 52.5 % 876,613,025 17.20 % 9,709,491,761 1

Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)

Main Page: Demographics of India

Life Expectancy

72.03 years

(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart

Infant Mortality

24.5

(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Deaths under age 5

30.5

(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in India

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Mumbai 12,691,836
2 Delhi 10,927,986
3 Bengaluru 5,104,047
4 Kolkata 4,631,392
5 Chennai 4,328,063
6 Ahmedabad 3,719,710
7 Hyderabad 3,597,816
8 Pune 2,935,744
9 Surat 2,894,504
10 Kanpur 2,823,249
11 Jaipur 2,711,758
12 Navi Mumbai 2,600,000
13 Lucknow 2,472,011
14 Nagpur 2,228,018
15 Indore 1,837,041
16 Patna 1,599,920
17 Bhopal 1,599,914
18 Ludhiana 1,545,368
19 Tirunelveli 1,435,844
20 Agra 1,430,055
21 Vadodara 1,409,476
22 Gorakhpur 1,324,570
23 Nashik 1,289,497
24 Pimpri 1,284,606
25 Kalyan 1,262,255
26 Thane 1,261,517
27 Meerut 1,223,184
28 Nowrangapur 1,220,946
29 Faridabad 1,220,229
30 Ghaziabad 1,199,191
31 Dombivli 1,193,000
32 Rajkot 1,177,362
33 Varanasi 1,164,404
34 Amritsar 1,092,450
35 Allahabad 1,073,438
36 Visakhapatnam 1,063,178
37 Teni 1,034,724
38 Jabalpur 1,030,168
39 Haora 1,027,672
40 Aurangabad 1,016,441
41 Shivaji Nagar 1,000,000
42 Solapur 997,281
43 Srinagar 975,857
44 Chandigarh 960,787
45 Coimbatore 959,823
46 Jodhpur 921,476
47 Madurai 909,908
48 Guwahati 899,094
49 Gwalior 882,458
50 Vijayawada 874,587
51 Mysore 868,313
52 Ranchi 846,454
53 Hubli 840,214
54 Jalandhar 785,178
55 Thiruvananthapuram 784,153
56 Salem 778,396
57 Tiruchirappalli 775,484
58 Kota 763,088
59 Bhubaneshwar 762,243
60 Aligarh 753,207
61 Bareilly 745,435
62 Moradabad 721,139
63 Bhiwandi 707,035
64 Raipur 679,995
65 Gorakhpur 674,246
66 Bhilai 625,138
67 Jamshedpur 616,338
68 Borivli 609,617
69 Cochin 604,696
70 Amravati 603,837

See also

  • Demographics of India
    • Median Age (Historical Chart)
    • Total Fertility Rate (Historical Chart)
    • Urban vs. Rural Population (Historical Chart)
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of India
  • Asia Population
  • World Population
  • World Map
  • World Population by Country

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Notes

The India Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of India delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of India (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming hom*ogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming hom*ogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by India in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

India Population (2024) - Worldometer (2024)

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